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Erfoud 2 nights. Ouarzazate 1 night. Marrakech 2 nights. Fes 2 nights. Arrival at Fez Welcome to Morocco! Accommodation: Zalagh Parc Palace. Fez City Tour After a sumptuous breakfast at your hotel, you will be taken on a private guided tour of Fez, Morocco's spiritual capital. Transfer to Erfoud After a healthy and hearty breakfast, you will set out for Erfoud. Accommodation: El Ati Hotel. Erfoud at Leisure Today, the day is yours to spend at leisure in Erfoud, exploring or relaxing as you choose. Ouarzazate via Todra Canyon After a nutritious and filling breakfast, you will depart for Tinghir via the Tinjdad.
Accommodation: Hotel Karam Palace. Accommodation: Hotel Atlas Asni. Majestic Marrakech Today, you will enjoy a day-long driven tour of Marrakech, the second-oldest imperial city, and known as 'The Pearl of the South'. Marrakech Departure In the morning, you will be transferred to the airport for your departure flight. Why travel with Insight Guides? See other trips to: Morocco. Want a trip tailor-made for you? Holidays recommended for you A tour of Morocco's Atlas Mountains. Costa Rica Eco Adventure. Bangkok Gourmet. Add it to your bucket list: Save for later.
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Current Local Time in Fes, Morocco (Fez)
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Overnight Tours. Cooking Classes. Private Day Trips. The water was also transported to public baths and mills. The city grew quickly and by the late s, it had about , inhabitants. Upon the death of Idris II in , the dynasty's territory was divided among his sons. The eldest, Muhammad, received Fez. The newly fragmented Idrisid power would never again be reunified. During Yahya ibn Muhammad 's rule in Fez the Kairouyine mosque , one of the oldest and largest in Africa, was built and its associated University of Al Quaraouiyine was founded The sources that mention Idrisid Fez, describe a rather rural one, not having the cultural sophistication of the important cities of Al-Andalus and Ifriqiya.
The Fatimids took the city in and expelled the Idrissids, after which their Miknasa were installed there. It was in this period that the great Andalusian ruler Almanzor commissioned the Maghrawa to rebuild and refurnish the Al-Kairouan mosque, giving it much of its current appearance.
According to the Rawd al-Qirtas and other Marinid era sources, the Maghrawi emir Dunas Al-Maghrawi filled up the open spaces between the two medinas and the banks of the river, dividing them with new constructions. Thus, the two cities grew into each other, being now only separated by their walls and the river.
His sons fortified the city to a great extent. This could not keep the Almoravid emir Ibn Tashfin from conquering it in , after more than a decade of battling the Zenata warriors in the area and constant besieging of the city. In , several thousand Jews were killed in the Fez Massacre. Madinat Fas and Al-'Aliya were united in by the Almoravid dynasty : The walls dividing them were destroyed, bridges connecting them were built, and connecting walls were constructed that unified the medinas. Under Almoravid patronage the largest expansion and renovation of the Great Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin took place Although the capital was moved to Marrakesh under the Almoravids, Fez acquired a reputation for Maliki legal scholarship and became an important centre of trade.
Almoravid impact on the city's structure was such that the second Almoravid ruler, Yusuf ibn Tashfin , is often considered to be the second founder of Fez. Like many Moroccan cities, Fez was greatly enlarged during the Almohad Caliphate and saw its previously dominating rural aspect lessen. This was accomplished partly by the settling there of Andalusians and the further improvement of the infrastructure. At the start of the 13th century they broke down the Idrisid city walls and constructed new ones, which covered a much wider space.
These Almohad walls exist to this day as the outline of Fes el Bali. Under Almohad rule the city grew to become one of the largest in the world between and , with an estimated , people living there. In Fez regained its capital status under the Marinid dynasty. In after a massacre by the population to kill all Jews that was stopped by intervention of the Emir,  they founded Fes Jdid , which they made their administrative and military centre.
Fez reached its golden age in the Marinid period, which marked the beginning of its official, historical narrative. Between and seven madrassas were built in Fez, the style of which has come to be typical of Fassi architecture. Ibn Battuta described the city of Fa's, which he passed through on his way to Sijilmasa. The Marinids spread the influence Idris I and encouraged Malikism, financing sharifian families as a way some say to legitimize their rule: In the 14th century, hundreds of families throughout Morocco tried to claim descent from Idris I , especially in Fez and the Rif mountains.
The Moroccan revolt in overthrew the last Maranid sultan. In the Marinids were replaced by their relatives of the Wattasid dynasty , who faithfully but for a large part unsuccessfully continued Marinid policies. After the fall of the Marinids, the city remained the capital of Morocco under the Wattasids. However, in the 16th century, the Saadis , based in Marrakech , would attempt to overthrow the Wattasids.
In the meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire came close to Fez after the conquest of Oujda in the 16th century. They later retook the city in with Ottoman support. However, this reconquest was short-lived, and in the Wattasids were decisively defeated in the battle of Tadla by the Saadis. The Ottomans would try to invade Morocco after the assassination of Mohammed ash-Sheikh in , but were defeated by his son Abdallah al-Ghalib at the battle of Wadi al-Laban north of Fez. Hence, Morocco remained the only North-African state to deter and defeat the Ottomans.
After the death of Abdallah al-Ghalib a new power struggle would emerge, after Abd al-Malik would take Fez with Ottoman support and oust his nephew Abu Abdullah. The latter would flee to Portugal where he asked king Sebastian of Portugal for help to regain his throne.
This would lead to the Battle of Alcacer Quibir where Abd al-Malik's army would defeat the invading Portuguese army with the support of his Ottoman allies, ensuring Moroccan independence.